Saturday, May 23, 2020

The HR department of KFC and its purpose in the company - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2403 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Introduction: In this assignment I select the KFC I am in view of myself as HR higher manager. KFC is the globally reputed fast food chain; it has the variety of branches in the world. The HR department is one of the greatest in the world. They not only give quality of products and services but also working on staff training and development programs. For success of companies, largely planned objectives and complete Human Resource plan play the very important role. We obvious illustrate that the purpose of HR possessions is entirely understand and chains the disturbing way of the company. The maintaining of complete human resource planning in additional definite planned goals linked the advertising, financial records, monetary, prepared and tools, in the human resource management common services branch. In main, the human resource strategy must desire to detain the public factor of what a company are the expectancy to reach in the average to extensive phrase. 1:Understand how the HR plan supp orts the strategic objectives: What is strategic planning? Strategic planning is an organization instrument, phase. While through any organization instrument, it is second-hand for one reason single: to assist an association does an improved job to center of attention its power, to make certain to facilitate member of the association are operational on the way to the similar achievements, to review and regulate the companies way in reply to a shifting atmosphere. In small, intended arrangement is a restricted attempt to generate elementary decision and events that form and direct what an association is, what it does, and why it does it, with a meeting point on the future. What is the difference between strategic planning and long-range planning? While a lot of use these conditions interchangeably, strategic planning and long-range planning be different in their importance on the unspecified atmosphere. Long-range planning is normally careful to suggest the growth of a p lan for accomplish an objective or set of objective over a phase of more than a few days, with the supposition that present information about future circumstances is adequately dependable to make sure the plans dependability over the period of its completion. In the behind fifties and early on sixties, for instance, the US. Financial system was comparatively steady and not at all unsurprising, and, hence, long arrangement was together stylish and helpful. On the extra hand, tactical arrangements assume that an organisation must be quick to respond to a powerful, varying atmosphere (not the steadier atmosphere unspecified for long-range planning). What is a strategic plan? In tactical development it is dangerous to officially think how our business will achieve its aim. The reply to this problem is a planning. Here is a diversity of official meaning for policy, but each person basically has the same opinion that a planning is the reply to the problem, how? Strategy is only a se t of events that allow an association to attain consequences. Planning is a method of compare our organisations strength with the varying atmosphere in arrange to obtain a thought of how most excellent to whole or provide customer desires. Basically, there are three dissimilar category of planning: governmental, programmatic, and purposeful. The differentiation between the groupings is the meeting point of the planning Strategic capability: In the company group of procedures, capabilities or ability they build a lengthy useful advantages. When a company workers understand faster that organisation is running effectively, as evaluate to contest employees their applying marketable information. The company are not competent to continuously developing, classifying, creating, place into performing, assess, and expand knowledge will not be competent to fight successfully. So the ability of the organisation to seems available ability and gets our hand on innovative ones forms its larg ely suitable to ready for action profit. These parts of writing bring in information to fast look into workout this potential. 1.2:analyses how the HR planning impact on the strategic plan: Peoples are most important asset of any organisation. Many organisations are using this phrase important role that employee plays in organisation success. In the organisation the hr manager active in various human resource management actions, and in big organisation that have a HRM department. Human resource management is the important strategic tool for any organisation. Forecasting demand: In the organisation the impotent factor of human resource planning is predicting the figure and types of people, compulsory to get collectively decision making aims. For the reason that it is an open structure that we stay in, a combination of administrative issues, as well as prepared for action plan, ability, arrangement, and production can force the demand for employees. For example, process of advanced machinery is commonly accompanied by fewer requirements for low-skilled workers and extra demand for information lobar force. Forecasting Supply: The organisation has forecast its upcoming needs for workers, it then goes on to the subsequently investigate that is from everywhere can it fulfilled its wants. It therefore requirements to decide if there are enough figures and types of workers and how many are qualified for the reasonable position. Supply examination thus, involves arrangement for procurement: who, from where, how and when of staffing. It scans the inside and outside surroundings for the best-fit applicant for the positions in enquiry. Job analysis : In the company the job analysis is the process to assembling the responsibility of each day situation which is known equally to single employees. Job specification: A work requirement condition, the smallest ability that an individual must go beyond to perform a certain work fruitfully. It classi fies the information, ability, and feelings wanted to do the work successfully. Together the work explanation and requirement are vital documents when HR executive start staffing and selecting. 2: Understand the legal and organisational frame works for the employment of staff: Define recruitment: In the organisation the procedure of searching and arranging to apply for vacancy is called recruitment. The staffing of fresh worker is depends on company requirement. The employment procedures inform us how many workers will be need to satisfying the corporation require. Objectives of recruitment: The key purpose of staffing of the candidates is; ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ List of purpose of the company can be assessment.ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ For exchange HR, it gives different chances.ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ The recruitment improves the production. It gives the information workers or employees will be necessary in the organisation acco rding to the requirements. Methods of recruitment/sources: For the searchings of talent workers and moving them to applying for the vacancy is a recruiting procedure. Following are the methods of organisation are use for recruitment for choosing the peoples in company. These procedures are 1: Internal sources 2: External sources Methods of recruitment: Now we can talk about inside staffing resources; Internal resources: 1. Promotion :-In the organisation workers are promote from one area to another area with many advantage 2. Departmental exam:-This process is use by government division to choose workforce for superior level of position. 3. Transfer :-. In the organisation workers are move from one sector to another sect according to their skill and practice. 4. Retirement :-Many company call back workers who have already retire from the company. 5. Internal advertisement :-In this process vacancies are announce in the notice board. Employees, who are concerned, are request to apply for the post. 6. Employee recommendation :-In this procedure workers are ask to suggest peoples for jobs. External resources: 1. Management consultant :-Management advisor helps the organisation by providing them with administrative personnel. 2. Employment agencies:-In the organisation they give a agreement to service organization. The HR administration will make all the arrangement. 3. News paper advertisement :-In the organisation announcement for the new vacancy in trade journals, national and local news papers; all requirement are mention. 4. Internet advertisement :- It is a rule of the company to use the internet for employment. 5. Walk in interview :-Another method of staffing is walk in interview method. Advantages of internal recruitment: An important benefit of inside staffing are follows; ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ The procedure gives easier to the company to keep the time. ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡  ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ Requirement for separate opening program is not necessary. ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ This procedure enhances the worker skill. Disadvantages of internal recruitment In the organisation difficulty of inside staffing are follows; ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ In this procedure we are not possible to acquire fresh skill peoples. ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ There is probability of authority and smooth spot. ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ Workers unsatisfied due to unfair staffing. Selection: In the organisation the process of select the right employees on the behalf of the accurate vacancy. Appointment analysis: The organisation human resource department cans analysis the vacancy. Advertisement: In the organisation the vacancy can be announce through different channel, for example electronic and print media. Application form: In the organisation a vacant request form are fix with the job vacancy. Written test: I n the organisation useful peoples applying for the written test. Interview: In the organisation the peoples who select in the examination test, call for interview. Medical examination: If the candidates pass the interview the organisation calls for the medical examination. Initial job offer: If the candidates pass the examination, the company issues the call letter. Acceptance/rejection letter: It is a right of peoples who agree or not agree for this letter. Induction:- The worker is introducing to the organisation and other employees of the company. Kinds of choice test: The following are the choice tests are implementing by different association depending upon their necessities. Following are the selection test; 1. Aptitude test 2. Intelligence test 3. Personality test 4. Performance test Induction: Starting assembling with in a company for fresh hire candidate is called orientation. Induction is a process of brining in the employees who is newly chosen to the organisation for the job. The initial purpose is that what the organisation do, type of work and etc. fresh workers brining in the company and former worker are running at there, is renowned as brining the new peoples in the organisation. This program is arranged the main office or branch level for the whole fresh workers. Usually all the fresh candidates are called jointly to the workforce preparation place for the induction program. Motivation: In the organisation wishes, requirement and wants of the workers are simply motivated by unique wishes, desires and wants. 3:Understand the effect the organisational environment on staff: Culture: Organisation culture, a common perception held by the organisation members, a system of sharing meaning. Company culture is a method of mutual value held that differ the company from the different company. This arrangement is common with the importance on earlier of test, the key character of organisation values. The newly research suggest seven character tic of primary culture; ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ improvement and risk taking : ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ awareness to feature: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ Outcome direction: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ workers arrangement: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ group direction: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ forcefulness: ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¢ permanence: THE CHANGING WORKFORCE WORK LIFE BALANCE AND GROWING CORPORATE INTEREST: In the quantity of change in labor force demographics have bring work- life balance issue to the notice of company. The main revolutionize connected to require for family-friendly remuneration is the quantity of women in the U.S. workforce, which has additional than double since 1970. Furthermore, women are outstanding in the workforce after marriage and after having children, growing the quantity of dual-career households in America. T he generously proportioned number of single women with children in the workforce in the past two decades and there is greater than before demand for family-friendly work policy. WORKING PRACTICES: Included method: a lot of institutions, normally those with a strong administrative culture, apply a down to top method to change management. It has lot of benefits, including apply for valid strategy and best co- ordination Understand the grievance, discipline and dismissal process: 4: understand the grievance, discipline and dismissal process: Grievance: Grievance process is characteristically planned to determine grievance as quickly as do and the low stage possibility in the company. The initial process nearly always workers try to decide the grievance with his or her direct administrator. If it cannot be decide at this level it is normally discuss with the union steward and the manager. Collapse at this level typically brings in the individual from the company business affairs section and determined the grievance pass to the services manager, who normally discuss it with the union complaint committee. Unsuccessful effects at this stage give way to the company senior supervision and physically a delegate from the national union. At the last, if those possessions are ineffective in determine the complaint; the last level is for the complaint go to negotiation called grievance negotiation. Discipline issue: The written verbal mildest form of discipline is warning. It is the primary level of disciplinary procedure. This notice is a temporary record of warning which is located in the supervisor file on the workers. The purpose data and outcomes interview with the workers are position in the written verbal warning. What distinguish infect the written verbal warning from the verbal warning. The verbal warning always is put in writing for this level of procedure. Suspension: After that the disciplinary level is suspension or lay off. Frequentl y it taken only if the previous step has been put into practice without the desire result. Exceptions where suspension is given without any earlier verbal or written waning. Frequently happen if the violation is of a serious nature. Dismissal: The disciplinary deed is called the layoff of a worker. The administration vital disciplinary punishment is dismissing the difficulty member of workforce. Dismissal is use only for the mainly serious fault. Yet it may be the only logical alternative when a worker attitude critically interferes with a division or the organisation procedure. A dismissal assessment should be given long and hard consideration, for almost all individuals being fire from the work is an affecting trauma. In adding administration should think the opportunity that a dismissed worker will take lawful action to struggle the decision. Employment Tribunal: Employment Tribunal, ACAS and Other Agencies position unusual agencies like employment tribunal and ACAS i n UK play significant task concerning employment matter, these agency help workers to use their human rights concerning service, and gives employer some intelligence of way concerning employment rule. Employment tribunal is the lawful organization which attend to the case of both the parties and give their decision. Conclusion : HR Planning for KFC is quite efficient and impact on personal as well as working life of personnel, however as discussed above need some precious steps to resolve the above issues to enable effective with efficient strategy in human resource planning. Employees performance is merely based on policies and strategies implement by the HR department and approved by top management. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The HR department of KFC and its purpose in the company" essay for you Create order

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Roles and Communication Between Groups as See in 12 Angry...

While watching the movie, 12 Angry Men, I saw many of the different things we have been discussing in class. The jurors all took different roles throughout the movie. These different roles contributed to the communication the group had, the stages of development, and how they came up with a consensus. The first juror was the foreman. He was the task leader of the group, taking initiative to sit the people down, numbering them, and telling the jurors when they could go on breaks. This juror goes over the process and rules the men will be using, and sets up the first voting. He also tries to keep the jurors on task and organized. Juror 2 is anxious man. This juror was easily persuaded to change his opinion about the case and tended to have the same opinion of the person who spoke before him. He played the role of a tension releaser which was seen when he offered the men cough drops in tense situations. Juror 3 is temperamental, opinionated, strong, loud, biased, stubborn and intolerable man. This man does not want to hear the opinions of the other jurors and is sure that the boy is guilty. He plays the part of the central negative in the group. When he doesn’t like what other people are saying he begins to yell and challenges that person speaking. He began to be dominating an d blocking towards the end. Even though he did not have a statement to backup his vote, he stood alone just because he didn’t want to be proved wrong. His own problems with his son abandoning him alsoShow MoreRelatedThe Film 12 Angry Men875 Words   |  4 PagesWhen working with and leading teams, communication is the key to being successful. In the film 12 Angry Men, many of the pros and cons of group communication are highlighted. An overarching and obvious theme of communication in the movie is the impact that personality has on the way that individuals communicate with others. The members of the jury from the film run the gamut of communication and personality styles. There are some team members who are wise and empathetic, but there are also otherRead MoreStereotyping in the World is the Universal Message of 12 Angry Men505 Words   |  3 Pagesjudge the lives of other by what they see on the outside, and completely disregard their actually character. â€Å"Stereot yping in the World† today has become a greater and greater problem has history moves on. Some have been known to look past these cases such as Reginald Rose’s book Twelve Angry Men. The play has been shown that one voice can change the thoughts of many by getting past the first layer and breaking it down to their inner person. Twelve Angry Men has showed the theme of â€Å"StereotypingRead MoreCommunication in 12 Angry Men Essay1120 Words   |  5 Pages 12 Angry Men When placed in a group with different personalities, you have to find a way to work and communicate effectively as a team; of course you’ll find yourself stuck at times because of certain barriers such as the lack of communication between members. However, group members have to find the ability to work together as a team. In the film â€Å"12 Angry Men,† we see a group of jurors who have to decide whether the defendant has committed the crime or is presumed innocent throughoutRead MoreMovie 12 Angry By Movie Review1137 Words   |  5 PagesIn this essay I will be an analysis of group communication using the movie 12 Angry Men.The movie 12 Angry men is a movie about a jury made up of 12 men as they deliberate the guilt or acquittal of a defendant on the basis of reasonable doubt. They go through many different problems during the deliberation. The movie starts off with all 12 of the jurors in a room. Nobody knows anybody. Everyone friendly introducing themselves and making conversation. Trying to get to know one another. They knew theyRead MoreAnalyzing 12 Angry Men. Introduction. A Young Man’S Life1102 Words   |  5 PagesAnalyzing 12 Angry Men Introduction A young man’s life hangs in the balance, and his fate lies in the hands of twelve jurors. Tasked with the decision of whether or not the boy is guilty of killing his father, somehow, these twelve strangers must come together, communicate effectively, build a team, and reach a verdict. This paper will give a synopsis of the communication barriers involved between the members and how they were able to develop as a team and overcome them. How They Overcame CommunicationRead MoreMovie Analysis : 12 Angry Men1639 Words   |  7 Pagesvarying stereotypes. One of the main topics in the film involved organized communication within a diverse group.The purpose of this paper is to analyze the importance of cooperative communities while providing different aspects of leadership. Movie Summary The movie 12 Angry Men is a depiction of a jury deliberation in the 1950’s involving the trial of a teenager that is accused of murdering his father. These twelve men were brought together by a random selection process to make a unanimousRead MoreMovie Analysis : 12 Angry Men1404 Words   |  6 PagesThe group type presented in the film 12 Angry men appears to be a task group. Task groups typically come together to accomplish a specific charge. In this case, their task was to decide a verdict of guilty or not guilty for the boy on trial. According to our text, some feature of this task group would include those listed under the â€Å"teams† category such as appointed leadership and focus on a specific task or charge. The members’ bond is simply there interest in the task, as they have no previousRead More12 Angry Men Assignment2034 Words   |  9 PagesA. Groups and Teams 1. Identify the dysfunctional and functional properties of the group in the film as they pertain to the problem the group is working on. In this film, the numerous functional and dysfunctional properties of the 12-jury men play a big role in analysing and evaluating the main purpose at hand, namely identifying the young man guilty or innocent for the murder of his father. The different roles the 12-jury men play in the deliberation of the capital murder case is prominent. FirstlyRead MoreWomen During World War II1674 Words   |  7 PagesRhondda, the branches commander, were split into 4 groups: officers, sergeants, corporals, and privates. Rhondda once said in an Interview before a lunch in Paris, One may divide women in the woman s movement into two groups: the Feminists and the reformers who are not in the least Feminists; who do not care tuppence about equality for itself..4 From the start to the end of WWII, 150,000 women served in the Woman s Army Auxiliary Corps.5 Between 1942 and 1944, more than a thousand women becameRead MoreInterpersonal Communications Summary Paper2691 Words   |  11 PagesThis Interpersonal Communications Summary Paper is going to contain and address the subjects of Nonverbal Communication, Male/Female Communication, Anger, and Relationship Development. The different styles of communication people have are usually influenced by their family, age, class, gender and social structure. Verbal communication is the mainstay of interpersonal communication but in many cases nonverbal communication can play a major role when people converse. Many scholars agree that there

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

AIDS Controversy Free Essays

The problem of AIDS in poor countries in Africa had been one of the major health problems the world is facing.   Needless to say, many have died without even having undergone medication. Perhaps one of the most pressing issues involving this problem is the commitment of big pharmaceutical companies in the United States to give away free AIDS treatments to poor African countries ridden with AIDS in exchange for its continued patent protection. We will write a custom essay sample on AIDS Controversy or any similar topic only for you Order Now The question now arises on whether this scheme of giving away free AIDS treatment would strike a balance in its continued patent protection vis-à  -vis the continuing problem of AIDS in poor African countries. A number of international non-governmental organizations have launched campaigns against pharmaceutical giants engaging in a long term endeavor to widen the access of poor people to essential medicines, to attain significant reductions on the prices of brand medicines from big pharmaceutical companies, and to support the sale and production of generic drugs (Poku, Whiteside, and Sandkjaer, 2007). The issue of patents on pharmaceutical products have started in the negotiations ate the World Trade Organization.   The WTO’s Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights that took effect in 1995 compels countries to include pharmaceutical products and practices in patent protection after a phase-in period associated to the level of development (Newfarmer, 2003). International intellectual property patents assure a 20-year market monopoly for new products and processes (Finkel, 2007).   Given this, no other company can enter the same market, limiting the market competition to those who have patents. â€Å"The protection of intellectual property in the biosciences on a global level has to deal with very different contexts and situations.† (Lenk, Hoppe, and Andorno, 2007). At first glance, it seems that the pharmaceutical companies are doing an altruistic effort in providing free access to AIDS treatment in poor African countries, which are ridden with AIDS epidemic in spite of the fact that they were only compelled to do so by the United States government. The main question here is not whether it is proper for the United States government to compel these pharmaceutical companies but rather on whose interests are better served with this scheme of giving away free AIDS treatment in exchange for continued patent protection. The continued patent protection of drugs relating to AIDS, in spite of the efforts to distribute free medications on AIDS in poor African countries, has detrimental effects to the victims themselves. Aside from the victims, the market itself for pharmaceutical products and processes will also suffer as they will be ruled by a monopoly of patent-holding pharmaceutical companies. The continued patent protection would further limit the access of people to AIDS treatment. If the patent protection for pharmaceutical companies is to continue, this will limit the opportunities for other pharmaceutical companies to develop their own medication for AIDS treatment. If there will be no other pharmaceutical company that will come up with a treatment for AIDS, those infected with the disease will have no other option but to buy the only product in the market despite its high price. If the patents will be lifted, this will benefit not only those in the poor nations but everyone who has been infected with the disease as they will enjoy the benefits market competition will bring. The absence of patent protection will give other pharmaceutical companies the opportunity to develop their own products and processes aimed at treating AIDS infection.   If this happens, there will be more products available in the market.   More similar products in the market will compel pharmaceutical companies to lower their prices. How to cite AIDS Controversy, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Critical Psycho Analysis of Case

Question: Discuss about theCritical Psycho-Sociological Analysis of Case Study. Answer: Introduction: Human Behavior includes a consortium of actions and emotional backdrops behind them or contemplated considerations in the wake of various situations as a feedback mechanism of thoughtful character. Some specific characteristics of ones attitude and behavior remains same throughout the life while other behavior patterns change as a human being progresses from one stage to another stage of life. Behavior is moulded by the age, sex and inherited genetic material as well as the environmental factor also plays a valuable role in this regard. The integration of common human values in ones psyche is also necessary to regulate ones behavior (Carver Scheier, 2012). The acceptance of a behavior depends on social values and echelon of authoritative elements. Human behaviors are studied by several discipline of science apart from the specialized discipline of behavioral science which include psychology, psychiatry, sociology and economics. The in general conformity of human society influences c ommon people to take up certain habits and behavioral patterns that are practiced by most of the members of the society up to a considerable extent (Carter, 2013). The core faith of an individual is to be determined by the religious belief of that individual and the concerned philosophy. This determines the thinking pattern of an individual and the probable behavior pattern could be pursued by the same person. Attitude is slightly differently described in context of behavior. Attitude depends on the plausible favorable and unfavorable outcomes of ones behavior over a span of consistency. Hence, attitude of a person definitely reflects the underlying traits of his or her behaviors. Improvisation is a unique factor that is present in each individual with an aim of obtaining problem solving ability. Creativity is implementation of improvisation in a larger extent. This particular essay focuses on a particular case study and analyses various psycho sociological and psycho physiological aspects of the life of the subject of the case study and further suggests perspectives on promoting common human health and disease prevention attitude. Kaleb, Mental Depression and Psychological Counseling: The modern world could not have been shaped unless creativity was available around. Creativity enhances the urge of individual to push their margin of ability. Creativity is the genuine differentiating factor in between two people as a part of their behavior (Amabile Pillemer, 2012). The cultural beliefs which get taught at the very onset of a kids life shape the thinking pattern for a prolonged period of time and this gives rise to the fundamental tender human values that guide the lives of human race (Fiske Taylor, 2013). The client kaleb describes himself as out and out a country boy and has revealed that he has two children who are five and seven years old respectively. He is estranged from his wife and his wife Kirsty stays with the children in the town of Wonderville which is having a population of twenty thousand people and approximately 300 kms away from the dairy farm that is maintained by Kaleb as a duty carried forward generations after generations. Kaleb has his aged mother who stays with him in the same farm and works in the household along with cooking for the family. Kaleb describes his marriage as a failure and he supposes that his wife Kirsty had presumed the marriage to be some kind of fancy TV shows like Farmer wants a wife. He points out to the hectic daily schedule of the farm which is monotonous as well for Kirsty to leave the place. Moreover, she being an uptown girl never actually could manage comfortably in the country side from the very beginning as observed by Kaleb. Kaleb meets his sons during the weekend which has become now a days restricted to one weekend on the second week of the month. After his sons have started to attend schools regularly. He sips a cup of tea each evening with his mom while cleaning his rifle. He will be killing several foxes all over the night to protect the farmyard from them. Kaleb has a perception that his mother does not get a sound sleep listening to the night cracking sound of the firings until her son comes back in the morning safely. Kaleb usually go for a long walk with his blue healer dog in the evening after having the tea. Social Influence of Inequalities in Making Health Decisions: Social behavior is a more cumulative approach that is used to assess the influence of culture and social mingling on a certain community based in a particular terrain. The types of human behaviors fall in different classes which are acceptable behaviors, objectionable behaviors, abnormal behaviors and eccentric behaviors. There are multiple factors which are affecting the mental health of the concerned subject Kaleb in this particular case study scenario. Depression is a major issue in regard of the mental or psychological health of Kaleb. He is divorced at the age of 42 and does miss his two children from the bottom of his heart. He has become bored with the daily clich routine of being a worker in a dairy farm. He is suffering from chronic depression though he ensures his mother terming his concerned mental health as only a bad patch in life at a certain phase. His behavior towards mother is respectful and he sees himself as an eligible successor which is a good thing in terms of consolidating his sense of proud self identity. Behaviors are now a day encircled within the scope of extensive research relating to the psychological rationale. In the commencing and the early part of 20th century, the specialists of behavioral science were strictly scientists who were using the facilities in universities and research centers. The onset of the concept of mental sickness and psychometric evaluation along with psychotherapy took place in 1930s and 1940s (Wright, 2015). Contextually stated, depression in regard of mental illness is very common but severe mood malaise. It hampers the common day to day activities up to a great extent of an individual like ablution, eating, sleeping and 0maintainance of health (Gilbert, 2016). The symptoms of depression must be persistent for at least two weeks to be diagnosed with depression. There are several kinds of depressions which include persistent depressive disorder, perinatal depression, psychotic depression, seasonal depressive disorders. Bipolar disorder is more complex and potent form of a mental illness (stergaard et al., 2014). The case history of Kaleb indicates that the depression factor that is affecting his behavior is a persistent depressive disorder. He does not have any psychotic considerations as per the case report and reluctance might have come from not meeting his family life expectations in life. Depression in chronic phase has some grave deleterious effects on health of the concerned depressed people. They might develop with a high blood pressure condition or the blood sugar level may get increased due to long lasting mood disorder (Ducat, Philipson Anderson, 2014). These factors can affect health of the concerned depressed person in future. Psycho-Sociological Aspect: Psychosociology is the domain that deals with the problems which are common to psychology and sociology both (Guerra, 2012). Especially it deals with the fact that the human behavior or how human thinks or acts are influenced by the group of people he or she belongs to. This can be illustrated with the example of criminal psychology. This strategy determines the upbringing and the proximity group of the criminal individual concerned from the very onset of childhood which might have an influence on the actions in question. Whereas sociology can be described as the recruitment criteria of a group of criminals and how the group and its overall psyche changes over period of time (Boduszek Hyland, 2012). Hence, sociology is the aspect when the outcome of ones life is depended on the community he or she pertains to. There are miscellaneous social contributing elements that can influence the pattern of the psyche of others. The most common example of this is social cliques. A clique is a set of people who interact with each other passing similar pattern of thoughts to each other. a new joiner to such a group inevitably gets influenced by the common general thinking pattern and is expected to be governed in such way in future as well (Scott, 2017). Friendship generation at the early stage of life does not only influence the psychological makeup of individuals but also helps in generating the social communication skills and social skills required to interact with other human beings fruitfully (Gareis, 2012). This same concept applies to the common regulations and laws prevalent in the society. The case study show that Kaleb has been highly influenced by the traditional thinking pattern of his clan and family and the inherited values for the dairy farm passed down from his ancestors. This perspective has been ordained by the upbringing of the subject as well as by the impact of the collective conscience pattern of the society the respective dairy man belongs to. Stress, Stress Management and Behavioral Response: The present medical terminology has described most of the diseased conditions as the psychosomatic conditions. There is a psychological or mental aspect always related to a particular disease. The way we deal with a disease or cope up with the difficulties posed by the disease varies from one person to another depending on the varying nature of human psyche (Andreassi, 2013).Rashes from psoriasis may not affect some people much while general allergic or hypersensitivity reaction can be perceived to be severe to some. There can be physical effects of mental illness as well in vice versa condition. Some mental illness such as disease of addiction or disease of chemical dependency can lead to continuous and consistent ingestion of corrosive materials in the body leading to abnormality formation within the physique. There are some sort of chronic depressions under the influence e of which one may not take proper care of himself or herself which can lead to malnutrition on the part of the depressed patient. Here there is an effect of gradual progression in the middle age by the concerned subject in case study named as Kaleb. He has retarded in term of thinking more confidently as compared to earlier up on facing the undesired marriage life of having an estranged wife with two children. He feels reluctant to wake up early in the morning in his dairy farm which is a sign of lethargy or reluctance due to laziness. There could be a relation in between the uric acid status of the concerned subject along with the topical expression of mind. Some physiological disorders are considered to be more aggravated by psychological troubles like stress or anxiety such as ischemic heart conditions or stomach ulcers can become more severe with increased level of mental pressure and possible commencement of depression. Illness Prevention and Mental Health Promotion: Mental health has been defined by WHO as a state in which a human being can declare to be physically, psychologically and socially sound aiming to reach a state of complete well being. Mental health is an integral part of physical health (Jorm, 2012). In a broader sense, mental health is the foundation for the well being of individuals as well as the community and hence, promoting mental health is also part of public health (Marmot Bell, 2012). In most of the parts of the world mental health was not initially having that much importance or emphasis as the physical counterpart used to have. The treatment of mental illness was alienated from the regular medical interventions in major physiological disorders. The present global scenario has given assertion on the holistic treatment and growth of an individual (Kalra et al., 2012). This gives an insight in the cruciality of promotion of mental health. The subject kaleb has become aware of his condition which can turn into chronic depres sion the sign and symptoms of which were initially discovered by Klaebs friend. Though the subject asserts to be fine declining his mothers suggestion to approach a doctor, he might need to change his perspective to alter the quality of his life and mental health especially when he is complaining much about being broke financially and a life devoid of worth working in a dairy farm. The positive sign is the upcoming barbecue and campfire session with the children as mentioned in the case study which might help to rejuvenate the mental health of the subject hopefully when he misses his kids very much especially on special occasions like Christmas. Conclusion: The psychological health of a human being is a wealth of equal worth as compared to the physical health possessed by the concerned person. The maintenance of physical health is required for the regular activities and well being of the respective individual while the mental health will be the main fueling drive behind enabling a person to think, feel and act in desirable and goal specific way. The present era has seen a pandemic situation of global depression across the developing as well as developed continents of the world. The pertinent case study has reflected on the socio psychological influence on the makeup of ones mind and thinking pattern, the impact of personal and professional life pattern on psychic scaffolding as well the need to pay heed to psychological problems with more sincerity and preparedness. The holistic health should be the yard stick of a hale and mentally fit human being in 21st century. Reference: Amabile, T. M., Pillemer, J. (2012). Perspectives on the social psychology of creativity.The Journal of Creative Behavior,46(1), 3-15. Andreassi, J. L. (2013).Psychophysiology: Human behavior physiological response. Psychology Press. Boduszek, D., Hyland, P. (2012). Psycho-sociological review of criminal thinking style.Journal of Humanistics and Social Sciences,1(1), 28-36. Carter, I. (2013).Human behavior in the social environment. AldineTransaction. Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F. (2012).Attention and self-regulation: A control-theory approach to human behavior. Springer Science Business Media. Ducat, L., Philipson, L. H., Anderson, B. J. (2014). The mental health comorbidities of diabetes.Jama,312(7), 691-692. Fiske, S. T., Taylor, S. E. (2013).Social cognition: From brains to culture. Sage. Gareis, E. (2012). Intercultural friendship: Effects of home and host region.Journal of International and Intercultural Communication,5(4), 309-328. Gilbert, P. (2016).Depression: The evolution of powerlessness. Routledge. Guerra, G. (2012). Questions Regarding Psychosociology: Foundations and Technique of Intervention.Connexions, (2), 33-42. Jones, K., Creedy, D. (2008).Health and human behaviour. Oxford Univerity Press. Jorm, A. F. (2012). Mental health literacy: empowering the community to take action for better mental health.American Psychologist,67(3), 231. Kalra, G., Christodoulou, G., Jenkins, R., Tsipas, V., Christodoulou, N., Lecic-Tosevski, D., ... Bhugra, D. (2012). Mental health promotion: guidance and strategies.European Psychiatry,27(2), 81-86. Marmot, M., Bell, R. (2012). Fair society, healthy lives.Public health,126, S4-S10. stergaard, S. D., Meyers, B. S., Flint, A. J., Mulsant, B. H., Whyte, E. M., Ulbricht, C. M., ... Rothschild, A. J. (2014). Measuring psychotic depression.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,129(3), 211-220. Scott, J. (2017).Social network analysis. Sage. Wright, J. D. (2015). International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

The Art of Language and Deception in Lolita free essay sample

In his own words, he is Humbert the deadly charming sophisticate, Humbert the lover, Humbert the monster, and above all Humbert the the manipulator. In the Lolita by Vladimir Nobokov, Humbert uses ornate language and style to manipulate the audience and invoke a trust and cordialness that leads to a view of him as a sympathetic pedofile. Humberts narration is full of wordplay and hidden meanings. He is playing with our minds throughout the novel, slowly gaining our trust and manipulating us. The complexity of Humbert’s narration creates an interesting and enjoyable flow to his confession that he uses to his advantage, since it is at some points quite difficult to piece together true facts and details of his story. His narration spontaneously changes; from a serious and eloquent demeanor, to a playful tone riddle-like tone with wordplay, as well as from his monstrous and uncontrollable pedophiliac yearnings, to a somewhat sensible and remorseful individual. We will write a custom essay sample on The Art of Language and Deception in Lolita or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page His change in voice allows him to commit crimes in one hand, while fooling us with his ornate language in the other. For example, in a child-like mix-up of letters, Humbert blurts out â€Å"What’s the Katter with misses? † I muttered (word-control gone) into her hair. † This is quite a setback from the Humbert who begins his phrases with â€Å"Gentlemen of the jury! †(Nobokov 69), following it by providing well thought out defenses for his nymph desires. By teasing the jury with the two sides, he shows an playful and vulnerable side to him that could not be completely ruthless, as well as a level-headed moral being who is simply conflicted with an uncontrollable desire. In addition, Humbert addresses the audience in this way to give them a feeling of authority towards a man who freely admits his guilt, which keeps his manipulation game in check most of the time. The fact that Humbert mentions numerous times the lolita’s sexual deviousness and flirtatious demeanor, while in true sense mind, her child-mind at the age of twelve could not have grasped and control the relationship, regardless of her sexual experiences embodies this manipulation. The constant mixing of moral values shields the audience from seeing the true monster that he is. He tells us on numerous occasion that he loves her and even displays remorse from time to time â€Å" in retrospect, was no more than a collection of dog-eared maps, ruined tour books, old tires and her sobs in the night—every night, every night—the moment I feigned sleep† (176) quickly offsetting it by showing his ruthless and evil perversion the sensualist in me had no objection to some depravity in his prey (124) at what he has created Humbert referring to himself as a monster and pedofile therefore, is only to distract the audience from their manipulated minds. The changing style allows more time for a visual stimulation in his ornate style and shocking accounts, and less time in actually deciphering the fabricating lies to the actual evidence and occurrences. The ending result is that the stimulating narration is its analyzes itself and that the reader gives up on decipher some of his clues Being the writer that he is, Humbert cannot help but create beauty within each moment of his story, which work to distract the audience out of complete repulsion towards his actions. Whether it be admiring the sunlit lake in the mundane suburban noontime, having a brief tryst with a nymph-like prostitute in a cheap hotel room, or contemplating a drowning murder in which he described â€Å" passed like the tail of a falling star across the blackness of the contemplated crime. It was like some dreadful silent ballet, the male dance holding the ballerina by her foot and streaking down through watery twilight. † (Nobokov 86-87), he does not fail to veil his crimes with lavish brilliance. In this case, the imagery he creates using a simile of graceful ballerinas amid the darkly lit backdrop of a vicious homicide illustrates the genius of Humberts distractions that keep the reader intrigued and unquestioning. Though the audience may be aware of the fact that his thoughts and actions are repulsive most of the time (he clearly states it), like an infatuated lover in the middle of an abusive relationship, we are hooked on to his language, and seem to take less offense towards him because what he feeds us in his style and imagery. Diverts reader from the real problem. The masterpiece in his language: distracts the reader from fully grasping or taking seriously the sadist that he outwardly presents to us. By displaying his sadist desires bluntly and at the same time being able to capture the empathy and understanding of such the jury, who by all societal standards, should be rioting his confession, Humbert can revere himself on yet another feat, in which he is able to manipulate by empathizing beauty in his evil, insteading attempting to hide is dark thoughts. In a way, his self-confessing and guilt ridden outburst towards his inner-most pedofilia desires displays that the guilt he feels is not completely at his fault. It is the societys fault that, the laws that prohibit that type of relationship. Although Humbert may have felt remorseful towards the destruction he caused lolita, it is unjust to label him as a reformed criminal and a hero. He never really states that there is something completely morally wrong with his thoughts, only that the society he is a part of believes Based on the novel, a man of Humberts intelligence: one that strategically places each detail of his liaisons, each sentence, each word in place to create a riddle-like confession that leaves the reader speechless or sorrowful does not simply show us his true self to an audience without thinking it through. In other words, it would make little sense for a man of Humberts intellect to so easily forget his judging jury and directly show his vain and arrogant personality to further accusate himself. Not to worry however, because Humbert had after all strategically mannered each one of his jolts of laughable conceit and arrogance. His too-good, smarter than everyone demeanor is apparent when he mentions his adult companions (Valeria, Charlotte, Rita) in his less-fortunate and pitiful voice. While envisioning how he could use Charlotte to his advantage he says â€Å"I might blackmail—no, that is too strong a word—mauvemail big Haze into letting me consort with little Haze by gently threatening the poor doting Big Dove with desertion if she tried to bar me from playing with my legal stepdaughter. †(Nobokov 71) Here, he purposely shows us the ease he believes he has in getting what he wants and in controlling the other characters, while in reality the audience is aware that these flaws inhibit greater consequence. In additon, Humbert also allows himself to exaggerate the size of his reproductive organ when he tells us â€Å"I was to her not a boyfriend, not a glamour man, not a pal, not even a person at all, but just two eyes and a foot of engorged brawn–† (Nobokov 283). The intent in each of these instances therefore, is to show that on top of his moral flaws, he also has character flaws such as his vanity and cockiness, which allow him to humanize himself outside of the pedofile box he is put in. Furthermore, it strangely but logically enhances his reliability as a narrator because his bouts of denial and arrogance works to show the reader that he is not as conniving and calculating as the reader may think if he is able to forget the simple aspect of his own voice when writing his confession. This effect, however is exactly what Humbert wants us to think, that his moments of inattentiveness and feeling vulnerable he describe obviously biased scenarios and viewpoints. Of course, the true effect is that Humbert has succeeded yet again in manipulating the audience, in this case allowing us to see him more as an honest narrator, whether it be out of his own recklessness, or his inability to contain his emotions. As a result, the reader will in some cases, be occupied with analyzing his psychological motives of a sick man at odds with his feelings and desires and inexplicably releases on an easy twelve year old prey, instead of acknowledging that he is quite simply a manipulative sadist. He had to paint a more pathetic and self-delusional image of himself in order to hide his sinister and manipulative side. Classic ruthlessness to some of his actions. He purposely displays his human weaknesses as a first person narrator to gain an excuse for his actions. Like how serial often blame narcotics or demonic possession for their actions, Humbert inexplicably blames his imbalanced mind, while in reality it is his manipulative genius that causes us to believe this. The stated point to the work is to show us the confession of a reformed pedofile. The imbalance of chemicals in the mind of such a monster and how to spot one. Most importantly, to show that he has changed for the better. Upon closer inspection it is seen that this interpretation is simply a distraction from sinister and almost comical manipulation that he puts the reader through. It is a roller coaster of feigned attractions that ends with a triumphant Humbert who has fooled the audience with his deranged sympathy games. He is a true manipulative (monster) because through the jail he is able to manipulate the audience, ironically through his confession. Blurs line between sadism and beauty

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Definition and Examples of Acrolects

Definition and Examples of Acrolects In sociolinguistics, acrolect is a creole variety that tends to command respect because its grammatical structures do not deviate significantly from those of the standard variety of the language. Adjective: acrolectal. Contrast with basilect, a language variety that is significantly different from the standard variety. The term mesolect refers to intermediate points in the post-creole continuum.The term acrolect was introduced in the 1960s by William A. Stewart and later popularized by linguist Derek Bickerton in Dynamics of a Creole System (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1975) Observations Acrolects . . . are better described as linguistic innovations characterized by the incorporation of linguistic features which have their origin in the contact situation itself. Unlike standard languages, acrolects usually have no overt set of linguistic norms and are pragmatically motivated (i.e. depend on the formality of the situation). In other words, the concept of the acrolect is both absolute (on the level of the speech community) and relative (on the level of the individual) . . ..(Ana Deumert, Language Standardization and Language Change: The Dynamics of Cape Dutch. John Benjamins, 2004) Varieties of British English Spoken in Singapore For [Derek] Bickerton, an acrolect refers to the variety of a creole that has no significant difference from Standard English, often spoken by the most educated speakers; the mesolect has unique grammatical features that distinguish it from Standard English; and the basilect, often spoken by the least educated people of the society, has very significant grammatical difference.In reference to Singapore, [Mary W.J.] Tay points out that the acrolect has no significant grammatical differences from Standard British English and typically differs in vocabulary only by extending the meaning of existing words, for example, using the word bungalow to refer to a two-storied building. The mesolect, on the other hand, has a number of unique grammatical features such as the dropping of some indefinite articles and the lack of plural marking on some count nouns. Also, there are several loan words from Chinese and Malay. The basilect has more significant differences such as copula deletion and do-de letion within direct questions. It is also characterized by the use of words that are typically considered slang or colloquialisms.(Sandra Lee McKay, Teaching English as an International Language: Rethinking Goals and Approaches. Oxford Univ. Pres, 2002) Varieties of American English Spoken in Hawaii Hawaiian Creole is now in a state of decreolization (with English structures slowly replacing the original creole structures). In other words, one may observe in Hawaii an example of what linguists call a post-creole continuum: SAE, which is taught in schools, is the acrolect, that is, the socially prestigious lect, or language variant, at the top of social hierarchy. At the bottom socially is the basilect- heavy pidgin or more accurately heavy creole, a lect least influenced by SAE, usually spoken by people of low economic and social status who had very little education and very little chance to learn the acrolect in school. Between the two there is a continuum of mesolects (in between variants) which range from being very close to the acrolect to those which are very close to the basilect. Many people in Hawaii control various parts of this continuum. For example, most educated, professional people born in Hawaii, able to speak SAE at work in the office, switch to Hawaiian Creole w hen relaxing at home with friends and neighbors. (Anatole Lyovin, An Introduction to the Languages of the World. Oxford Univ. Press, 1997)

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Scientific background to Modern philosophy Research Paper

Scientific background to Modern philosophy - Research Paper Example There have been several claims that philosophy grew from science. Some argue that the reverse is the case, while other scholars are for the idea that science and philosophy complement each other. Better than saying, it has been proven beyond doubt that successful philosophical researches, advancements and methodologies have frequently been closely related to science. The history of modern philosophy essentially dates back to the 17th century which was mainly driven and determined by forces such as Renaissance, metaphysics, rationalism, empiricism, idealism and pragmatism. Hence this article is going to give an account and exploration of the relations between science and philosophy by looking at some essential scientific revolutions, especially by looking at persons who advanced these scientific revolutions. In specific, this paper will be examining the contributions and views of Galileo in scientific revolutions that have directly contributed to shaping modern philosophy. In addition , this paper will look at the connection and the degree to which science is connected with life which consequently brings about modern philosophy. Taking Galileo for instance, his scientific mechanics have greatly influenced men’s minds and has also played an important role in coming up with philosophical views and methodologies. Scientific theories and revolutions have to a great extent influenced modern philosophy. Directly or indirectly, scientific theories such as Galileo’s findings on scientific revolutions have influenced philosophy in one way or the other. Galileo is considered as one of the greatest men of age who contributed greatly to philosophy because his findings were very fundamental to laying the foundations of modern philosophy. Galileo was also regarded as one of the initiators in modern philosophy. This is since he was not only a mathematician but also philosopher because the world of today would not be complete without Galileo’s mathematical f indings. Being the mathematician that he was is what makes him to be viewed as the type of philosopher he was at that time. In brief, Galileo in the history of scientific revolutions was an Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; and perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries, and had his lifetime from 1564 to 1642 (Morgan & Michael, 2011). In precise, Galileo’s contributions were based on a new scientific discovery and methods of mathematical expressions. As much as there were other scientists during the age of his time, Galileo’s contributions were still considered very instrumental in prompting most of the scientific ideas that have shaped philosophy. His finding that has widely shaped and influenced the world of philosophers and astronomers was the discovery of stars in the Milky-Way, and the nebulous stars by the use of the telescope. Apart from that, Galileo formulated three laws of motion based on the force of gravity, which have as well influenced and shaped modern philosophical studies in the field of science and dynamics. He went further to come up with accurate mathematical expressions of time, velocity and distance that could predict and ascertain exact mathematical values. Consequently these mathematical advancements by Galileo have brought about surety in the field of physical phenomenon. The contributions of Galileo and other early scientist have hence promoted and influenced how people think, ways of life and further intellectual revolutions that have helped shape modern philosophy. Darwin’s theory of evolution for instance has had a weighty impact on the conception of man’s niche and place in nature. To a large extent, these successes of scientific theories by Galileo amongst other scientists have influenced what is now new in modern philoso